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ABOUT ANKARA
GENERAL INFORMATION

Ankara is Turkey’s young and vibrant capital city, located in the heart of the Anatolian region. Ankara has been the crossroads of many civilizations, dating back to the Bronze Age and was declared as the capital of the Turkish Republic by Ataturk in 1923.

The name Ankara comes from the word ‘Ancyra’ which means ‘anchor’. The hill which overlooks the city is crowned by the ruins of the old citadel, which creates a picturesque view. The city, located on the High Anatolian plain, is the hub of governmental activities for all of Turkey and, as host to embassies and a variety of international organizations, is a gateway to the rest of the world.

Now, Ankara is the capital city of Turkey and the second largest city in the country after Istanbul. The population is around 5 million. Ankara is the administrative center of Turkey and a huge university town such that most of its inhabitants consist of civil servants, students and academics.
LANDMARKS

Anıtkabir, open daily, museum open daily except Mondays - situated on an imposing hill in the Anittepe quarter of the city is the mausoleum of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the founder of the Republic of Turkey, completed in 1953. A museum nearby displays a large collection of Atatürk memorabilia and paraphernalia.

Atakule Tower, Çankaya. The highest structure of the city, with a shopping mall located under the tower.


MUSEUMS

Museum of Anatolian Civilizations (Anadolu Medeniyetleri Müzesi) display of artifacts remained from Asia Minor/Anatolian civilizations. Oldest artifacts in display date back to Paleolithic. This museum is one of the best in Turkey and it makes Ankara worthwile to visit.

Rahmi Koç Museum, display the technological progress from 1850s onwards is on display in this museum housed in an old Ottoman caravanserai.

WEATHER IN ANKARA IN AUTUMN

The climate in Ankara is continental. The weather in November has an average high of 10°C (51°F) and an average low of -1°C (30°F).